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Wireless Tips


Make sure you also check out our "Technical Docs " page for URL and PDF


Last update on Friday, March 26, 2010

5 Way to fix the slow 802.11N Speed (URL LINK)


Wireless Distribution System Information

In order to setup Repeat/Bridge, both unit must support WDS. Most Accsss Point unit do support. If you are using 2 of wireless router , "BOTH" must support WDS!!

For N-router users and few of Legacy G wireless routers may have options for WDS & WPS

WDS Related

WPS Related


Wireless Throughput Information

802.11b connects at upto 11 mbps, and is typically good for perhaps 6~7 mbps

802.11g connects at upto 54 mbps, and is typically good for perhaps 25~32 mbps

Super-g connects at upto 108 mbps and should be good for 50~60 mbps

802.11n - supposedly this will go up to 270 mbps, and deliver something in the range of 80 mbps -

  • Download (68k)the doc (September 1st, 2009)


IEEE is the group that ratifies the standards - 802.11, 802.11a, 802.11b & 802.11g are all ratified standards (802.11n is not) and that is why there is compatability between any product that meets those standards.

Super-G, G+, SpeedBoost, etc. are not part of any ratified standard and you need to have a compatible product to be able to use them - they are not proprietary enhancements because they are not limited to a single manufacturer - the trade names are, but the technology used is dependent on the chipset used by the manufacturers, and some of the enhancements are "interoperable" acoss the different brands.

Wireless Security Setups

When setting up your wireless router it is essential that you set up some form of security. Some forms are more secure than others and some are not too secure at all but that is not the purpose of this post. This post is to show how to set up the various forms of security. For additional info on how secure these forms of security may or may not be, please do a google search.

WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) 64 and 128 bit (more secure then 64):
Log into the interface of the router. Select 'Wireless Settings'. Once in there, create a unique SSID. Select WEP. For Authentication Type select Shared Key. For Encryption Strength you have a choice between 64 and 128 bit. Create a passphrase and generate. If using a Netgear adapter, you will type the passphrase into the Netgear Wireless Assistant Utility. If using XP, you will need to type the generated hex key into the WZC utility. If using the wireless computer to set up the router's security, copy and paste the hex key (especially 128) so that you make sure it is entered correctly.

The manufacturers of the different brands using different methods to calculate their WEP keys from the passphrases. To get around this, you can enter the WEP key directly in hexadecimal - numbers 0-9 and letters a-f - for 64 bit WEP you need 10 characters, and for 128 bit WEP you need 26.


WPA-PSK (Wi-Fi Protected Access Pre-Shared Key) more secure then WEP:
Must have a WPA supported adapter.
Log into the interface of the router. Select 'Wireless Setting'. Create a unique SSID. Click on WPA. Create a passphrase. Use capital and lower case letters, as well as numbers and special characters in your passphrase for better encryption. Once created type the WPA key into the wireless utility. For Netgear adapters, this is under 'Advanced'. For XP just type in or copy and paste the passphrase.


Wireless Card Access List: Not much security by itself.
Once logged into the interface, click on 'Wireless Settings' under Advance.
Click Setup Access List button. Check Turn Access Control On then click on 'add'. Put in the MAC address and Device name of the wireless adapter that you want to allow access. If the wireless adapter that you are setting up is already connected to the router, copy and paste from 'Attached Devices'.


Disable SSID: Not much security by itself.
Once logged into the interface of the router, go to 'Wireless Settings' under advance. Uncheck 'Enable SSID Broadcast'. You will have to type in the SSID into the wireless adapter's utility.


Trouble Shooting Your Wireless


Intermittent or frequent Wireless disconnection

Symptom(s): You may be experiencing these

  • Intermittent or frequent Wireless disconnection
  • Wired connections to router/internet still working

Resolution(s): Wireless performance and stability depends on many variables. Follow these tips to improve wireless connection.

  • Wireless interference- Other wireless networks and cordless phones may cause interference. Suggestion is to try changing wireless channels in routers.
  • Make sure that you are using either the Netgear wireless utility or the Windows Zero COnfiguration. Not both.
  • Make sure you are using latest firmware.

Tips on improving wireless range

Symptom(s): You may be experiencing these

  • Weak signal strength
  • intermittent wireless disconnects, but wired PC seems OK
  • dead spots

Resolution(s): Wireless performance and stability depends on many variables. Follow these tips to improve wireless connection.

  • Wireless interference can be caused other similar band devices, like phones, microwaves, remotes, etc.; temporarily disable or move those away from router to see if range improves.
  • You may not be using the associated adapters, make sure that you are using an adapter matched to your router for maximum speed and range.
  • Your current driver and firmware may require upgrades.
  • There are additonal ways to extend your network:
    • --> Consider NETGEAR Powerline devices as a solution for remote or problem areas of house.
    • --> Consider a wireless bridge to the router to extend your network further.
  • Use Netstumbler to scan you surroundings
  • Use inSSIDer tos can your surrounding

Tips on connecting at 108Mbps

Symptom(s): You may be experiencing these

  • can not connect at 108 speeds

Resolution(s): Try these tips to improve router performance.

  • You may not be using the appropriate adapters. Use only Super G adapters with the WGT624 or any other 108Mbps capable routers.
  • Set to "Auto 108" in the router.
  • Will only see 108 when bandwidth is needed.
  • Disable the adaptive radio feature.

Tips on wireless connections

Symptom(s): You may be experiencing these

  • Can not connect wireless
  • Can not find SSID on working network

Resolution(s): Try these tips to improve router performance.

  • Confirm SSID name and security settings
  • "Passphrase" on NON-NETGEAR clients and devices may not indicate "Passphrase" as implemented by NETGEAR. You may actually have to use the generated hex-decimal keys.
  • Ensure that you are matching the encryption strength properly on router and adapter software.
  • SSID may be hidden but can still be accessed by manually typing SSID name in appropriate field.
  • Create "Profiles" for multiple locations to make access easy.

Tips on Using your router as an access point

Symptom(s): You may be experiencing these

  • Want to use router just as an access point

Resolution(s):


Why is Channel 6 locked?

Symptom(s): You may be experiencing these

  • can not change broadcast channels

Resolution(s):

  • Auto 108 defaults to channel 6, changing channel selection is not allowed.
  • Channel 6 is used for channel bonding to increase bandwidth.
  • One drawback is that Channel 6 is a popular channel, so you may experience interference from other wireless networks near you.



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